EDI Terms to Know
ASC X12 – Stands for the Accredited Standards Committee X12. It is a standards organization and develops and maintains the X12 EDI and CICA standards, along with XML schemas that drive business processes globally.
CICA – Short for Context Inspired Component Architecture. It is ASC X12’s message-design methodology, created to help resolve costly, differing, and often incompatible XML messages used for B2B (Business-to-Business) data exchange.
Computer-to-computer – EDI replaces physical communications like mail and fax, and internet-based methods like email by letting computers handle sending a receiving data, with very little human input.
EDI – Short for Electronic Data Interchange. It is a flat file format that B2B trading partners use to send and receive business transactions. Both parties must agree on a transaction set before files are exchanged. Each transaction set corresponds with a number and type of document.
EDIFACT – Stands for the Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport. It is the international EDI standard developed by the United Nations.
Transaction Set – a single X12 EDI document. Transaction sets are made up of data elements, segments, and envelopes.
X12 – A form of EDI data that is supported by the ASC X12 standard. It is used by organizations worldwide to exchange sensitive data with other businesses.
More file transfer terms to know